国外主机测评国外主机测评  2019-08-21 22:45 国外主机测评 隐藏边栏  3 
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CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT 在发起连接前等待的时间,如果设置为 0,则无限等待

CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT_MS 尝试连接等待的时间,以毫秒为单位。如果设置为 0,则无限等待

CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS 在 cURL 7.16.2 中被加入。从 PHP 5.2.3 起可使用。

所以使用的时候请先查看 libcurl 版本 curl --version。

但是这个函数有个 bug,如果时间小于 1000 毫秒也就是 1 秒的话,会立马报错,查看下面说明

  If you want cURL to timeout in less than one second, you can use CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS, although there is a bug/"feature"  on "Unix-like systems" that causes libcurl to timeout immediately if the value is   < 1000 ms with the error "cURL Error (28): Timeout was reached".  The explanation for this behavior is:  "If libcurl is built to use the standard system name resolver, that portion of the transfer will still use full-second resolution for timeouts with a minimum timeout allowed of one second."  What this means to PHP developers is "You can use this function without testing it first, because you can't tell if libcurl is using the standard system name resolver (but you can be pretty sure it is)"  The problem is that on (Li|U)nix, when libcurl uses the standard name resolver, a SIGALRM is raised during name resolution which libcurl thinks is the timeout alarm.  The solution is to disable signals using CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL.  Here's an example script that requests itself causing a 10-second delay so you can test timeouts:    增加 curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL, 1) 可以解决此问题:
  if (!isset($_GET['foo'])) {      // Client      $ch = curl_init('http://localhost/timeout.php?foo=bar');      curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);      curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOSIGNAL, 1);      curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT_MS, 200);      $data = curl_exec($ch);      $curl_errno = curl_errno($ch);      $curl_error = curl_error($ch);      curl_close($ch);      if ($curl_errno > 0) {          echo "cURL Error ($curl_errno): $curl_errorn";      } else {          echo "Data received: $datan";      }      } else {          // Server          sleep(10);          echo "Done.";      }